My sketch above.
(Picea rubens Link)
These images are from Virginia Tech Department of Forest resources and Environmental Conservation files. Cornell has such files also.
The taxonomic variety rubens is found in the Northeast US into Canada.
- Upright and straight, with a narrow crown. It grows typically between 60 and 80 feet.
- Needles: Sharply pointed, between 1/2 to 5/8 inches long and four-sided. They curve upwards and are yellow-green. Each needle is borne on a raised, woody peg.
- Trunk: Long and straight.
- Branches: Orangish brown, finely hairy.
- Bark: Grayish brown on surface, ,more reddish-brown beneath with irregular, flaky patching.
- Roots: shallow
- Seed Cones: Monoecious; males cylindrical and are reddish but turn yellow-brown. Female cones are purplish green.
Disease and Pests: It has few diseases.
- Needle Cast from Lirula macrospora
- Wood rotting: Phellinus pini and Phaeolus schweinitzii,
- Dwarf Mistletoe
- Parasite, Arceuthobium pusillum
- Yellow-bellied sapsuckers
To see the damage caused by dwarf mistletoe, click the link above.
Our friend Patty at Gardening Pomona did a wonderful post on British Columbia and highlighted the Western Red Cedar, Thuja plicata and the Pacific Dogwood. She noted the uses of the lumber and its resistance to insect damage, rot and decay. So you on the west coast are covered too with a Red Cedar.
As I mentioned, I will include previous ID posts for each category of trees that I identify. In time, we will have an archive of trees with information about each to click and compare. Click on the image and get taken to the information on White Spruce.
Our next ID will be the Blue Spruces, and there is more than one variety. I bet you only knew the Colorado Blue. We will complete the patriotic colors or red, white and blue spruce in our next ID.
Next post we are ‘Swimming with the Fishes’, so join us then.